Népal (le)

Népal (le)

In the past

Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy crops, while livestock diseases threaten a key food and income source – as well as public health. FAO is working to help build the resilience of Nepal’s rural communities to future shocks by assisting farmers to produce fresh and nutritious food and by strengthening the country’s ability to control the spread of infectious animal diseases.

Restoring agricultural production

Most people in rural Nepal, a country recovering from a decade-long conflict, survive by growing food on tiny plots of land or raising animals. When a natural disaster strikes, like the severe winter drought in 2008/2009 or landslides in 2011, it can really impact on the food and nutrition security of farmers and herders. FAO has been working to ensure that families affected by such disasters do not miss a season by improving their access to locally adapted cereal and vegetable seeds, fertilizers, live animals, veterinary supplies and training on good cropping and husbandry techniques.

Controlling animal diseases

An outbreak of a disease like Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) can have serious consequences for a country’s food security and public health – and those of its neighbours. That is why early detection, accurate information and prompt action are so crucial. FAO, through its Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases, seeks to strengthen Nepal’s capacity to control the spread of HPAI and other emerging infectious diseases. It is training field veterinary staff to be better prepared in the event of an outbreak and to respond quickly and appropriately to emergencies. Through a regional project based in Nepal, it is working to improve coordination and collaboration to prevent and control animal diseases in eight South Asian countries.

Responding better to food insecurity

How many people are suffering from hunger and malnutrition in a country, where, to what degree, why – this is vital information for decision-makers. Rigorous analysis based on evidence enables them to pinpoint and respond to food and nutrition needs in a timely and strategic manner, and also to reduce risks. To this end, FAO has introduced the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification in Nepal – a set of standardized tools aimed at determining the scale and severity of food insecurity in the country. It is now working to strengthen the country’s capacity to be better prepared for and to respond more efficiently to such emergencies.

Controlling transboundary animal diseases

FAO animal health is building capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease threats. Activities are implemented by FAO’s Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) in Nepal and 34 other countries. Many communities rely on animals for their livelihoods as well as their food security and nutrition. When diseases jump from animals to humans they can spread around the world in a matter of hours or days, posing a threat to global health security. FAO is working to reduce the impact of animal diseases on lives and livelihoods, and helping to stop emergence and spread of potential pandemics at source.


Plus sur le pays

 - To strengthen the capacity of landslide-affected communities for emergency preparedness through a community-based disaster risk management approach and to increase resilience to threats and crises
 - To identify and reach communities and agricultural areas highly affected and prone to landslides and to establish safer agricultural livelihood strategies and community-based early warning and ...en lire plus
 - Yam Bahadur Shrestha, 40, is a member of the local farmers’ cooperative, Shree Lapse Agricultural Cooperative Limited, in the Sindhupalchowk district of Nepal – an area hit hard ...en lire plus
 - Like thousands of other small-scale women farmers in Nepal, Mira Nepal, 31, has been slowly recovering from the loss and destruction caused by the powerful earthquakes that hit the ...en lire plus
 - To assist earthquake-affected smallholder farming households to resume agricultural activities and protect animal health.
 - FAO conducted the End of Project Performance Appraisal (EPPA) for its Earthquake Emergency Response Programme in Nepal after 13 months since its inception in May 2015. ...en lire plus
 - Key messages Damage to livestock due to the earthquakes is estimated at USD 10.1 million, while damage to agriculture is USD 28.6 million. With much of the ...en lire plus
 - Key messages Damage to livestock is estimated at USD 10.1 million, while damage to agriculture is USD 28.6 million. With much of the country relying on subsistence ...en lire plus
 - The video showcases the FAO response to the Nepal earthquakes. All the activities supported by FAO in the aftermath of the earthquakes are highlighted through the ...en lire plus
 - Highlights FAO continues to support Government-led efforts to address and coordinate the response to food security and livelihood needs in the six districts most severely affected by ...en lire plus