Read more about FAO in emergencies and the earthquake in NepalAgriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy crops, while livestock diseases threaten a key food and income source – as well as public health. FAO is working to help build the resilience of Nepal’s rural communities to future shocks by assisting farmers to produce fresh and nutritious food and by strengthening the country’s ability to control the spread of infectious animal diseases.

Restoring agricultural production

Most people in rural Nepal, a country recovering from a decade-long conflict, survive by growing food on tiny plots of land or raising animals. When a natural disaster strikes, like the severe winter drought in 2008/2009 or landslides in 2011, it can really impact on the food and nutrition security of farmers and herders. FAO has been working to ensure that families affected by such disasters do not miss a season by improving their access to locally adapted cereal and vegetable seeds, fertilizers, live animals, veterinary supplies and training on good cropping and husbandry techniques.

Controlling animal diseases

An outbreak of a disease like Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) can have serious consequences for a country’s food security and public health – and those of its neighbours. That is why early detection, accurate information and prompt action are so crucial. FAO, through its Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases, seeks to strengthen Nepal’s capacity to control the spread of HPAI and other emerging infectious diseases. It is training field veterinary staff to be better prepared in the event of an outbreak and to respond quickly and appropriately to emergencies. Through a regional project based in Nepal, it is working to improve coordination and collaboration to prevent and control animal diseases in eight South Asian countries.

Responding better to food insecurity

How many people are suffering from hunger and malnutrition in a country, where, to what degree, why – this is vital information for decision-makers. Rigorous analysis based on evidence enables them to pinpoint and respond to food and nutrition needs in a timely and strategic manner, and also to reduce risks. To this end, FAO has introduced the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification in Nepal – a set of standardized tools aimed at determining the scale and severity of food insecurity in the country. It is now working to strengthen the country’s capacity to be better prepared for and to respond more efficiently to such emergencies.


More about the country

 - The two recent earthquakes in Nepal have had a major impact on food security and agricultural livelihoods. Around two-thirds of Nepalese depend on agriculture for their ...read more
 - The districts of Dhading, Dolakha, Gorkha, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Sindhupolchok are involved in FAO activities after the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal. Click on the Village Development Committees to ...read more
 - Thousands of farming families whose livelihoods were devastated by the recent earthquakes in Nepal will soon have access to time-critical agricultural inputs thanks to rapid funding ...read more
 - Farming families affected by the Nepal earthquakes urgently need agricultural inputs – such as seeds and grain storage bags – to harvest their standing wheat crop, ...read more
 - Nepal earthquakes intensity and agricultural areas.   Legend   Agricultural areas       1 earthquake7.8 magnitude on 25 April(epicentre Lamjung District, Western Region)       2 earthquake7.3 magnitude on 12 May(epicentre Dolakha district, Central Region)
 - H.E. Mr. Vutti Vuttisant, Ambassador of Thailand to Nepal travelled by road on 15 May 2015 to visit Sindhupalchok district to take stock of the situation ...read more
 - Highlights Two major earthquakes struck Nepal within weeks: a 7.8 magnitude on 25 April (epicentre Lamjung District, WesternRegion), followed by a 7.3 magnitude on 12 May (epicentre ...read more
 - Number of injured and killed people during the two earthquakes in Nepal on 25 April and 12 May 2015. See the full map.
 - FAO has warned that the impact on food security and agricultural livelihoods in Nepal is expected to be very high as the earthquake struck during the ...read more
 - Highlights A 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on 25 March with dire humanitarian consequences: millions of people are affected in 39 districts of Western and Central Regions, ...read more