Madagascar

Madagascar

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the locust crisis in MadagascarMore than three-quarters of Malagasy families earn a living from agriculture, but frequent natural disasters – drought in the South, cyclones in the East, locust threats – cut into production and incomes, pushing families into poverty and hunger. A locust plague that began in April 2012 could endanger the livelihoods of 13 million people – roughly 60 percent of the population. Madagascar has some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world, behind Afghanistan and Yemen. Through crop and income diversification, improved agricultural practices and stronger disaster preparedness, FAO is helping Malagasy families produce more and earn more – and reduce their reliance on external aid.

Building resilience to natural disasters

The frequency with which natural disasters strike Madagascar makes it increasingly difficult for farming families to recover. Challenges such as fields repeatedly damaged or destroyed by cyclones and flooding or yields reduced by drought or pest infestations cause greater food insecurity and uncertainty. FAO is working to ensure that families are better equipped to cope with a changing climate. It is expanding storage facilities, prepositioning quality seed in the event of a disaster and strengthening the capacity of local producers to multiply and market quality seed adapted to the country’s different agro-ecological zones. It is also training farmers on improved agricultural techniques and encouraging them to diversify production.

Improving food security in cities

Many of Madagascar’s city dwellers live in poverty, aggravated by political instability, rapid urbanization and unemployment. Some 31 percent of the population in the country’s capital gets by on less than 50 cents a day, with more than half of that used to buy food. Seasonal inflation of staples means that many cannot afford the food they need. FAO is helping families in urban areas diversify and improve the quantity and quality of food produced, working to ensure reliable supplies of high-yielding seeds and introducing micro-irrigation kits for production during the dry season. FAO is also strengthening the capacity of producer organizations to supply fresh and nutritious food to urban markets and is supporting Government efforts to integrate nutritional awareness programmes into primary schools.

Reducing losses from locusts

Madagascar’s southern districts are particularly vulnerable to locust outbreaks, which can be disastrous for food crops and pasture. An ongoing locust crisis is threatening the livelihoods of some 13 million people – nine million of whom rely on agriculture for their living, especially rice farming. FAO is helping to strengthen the country’s ability to prevent and control locust infestations by providing technical assistance in the management and use of pesticides, and supporting ground control operations. Efforts to protect human and environmental health are an important part of the campaign.

 

Plus sur le pays

 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade de novembre 2015, malgré une pluviosité erratique et sporadique dans l’Aire grégarigène selon les relevés du Centre national antiacridien, les conditions écologiques ...en lire plus
26/01/2016
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade de novembre 2015, malgré une pluviosité déficitaire au niveau de l’Aire grégarigène selon les relevés du Centre national antiacridien, les conditions écologiques ...en lire plus
21/01/2016
 - Faits Saillants: La production rizicole nationale est estimée à environ 3,7 millions de tonnes (équivalent paddy) en 2015, soit une baisse de 6 pour cent par rapport ...en lire plus
04/01/2016
 - Diagnostic Durant la 1ère décade de novembre 2015, selon les relevés du Centre national antiacridien, l’Aire grégarigène a reçu une pluviosité importante susceptible d’enrayer l’aridité. Dans l’Aire ...en lire plus
16/12/2015
 - Situation acridienne La saison des pluies est installée depuis fin octobre et les conditions éco-météorologiques sont donc devenues progressivement favorables au développement du Criquet migrateur malgache au ...en lire plus
14/12/2015
 - Since April 2012, Madagascar is facing a Migratory Malagasy Locust plague that threatens the food security of 13 million people (60 percent of the population), 9 ...en lire plus
11/12/2015
 - Durant le mois d’octobre 2015, les premières pluies importantes ont été enregistrées à partir de la 3ème décade. Les sols seraient alors devenus humides, au moins ...en lire plus
10/12/2015
 - Lancement de la troisième et dernière campagne antiacridienne La troisième et dernière campagne antiacridienne (2015/16) du Programme triennal (2013-2016) de réponse à l’invasion acridienne mis en oeuvre ...en lire plus
30/11/2015
 - Durant le mois de septembre 2015, la pluviosité était encore très faible (inférieure à 15 mm), voire nulle, dans la Grande-Île, sauf dans quelques localités de ...en lire plus
25/11/2015
 - Madagascar est exposé aux catastrophes naturelles, notamment la sécheresse, les inondations, les cyclones et les crises acridiennes. L'invasion acridienne, qui a démarré en avril 2012 suite ...en lire plus
19/11/2015