FAO Ethiopia Newsletter - November 2019

FAO Ethiopia Newsletter - November 2019
Dec 2019

Early Action to Drought - Affected Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Communities in Ethiopia

A large proportion of the people living in the lowland areas of Ethiopia are pastoralists engaged in extensive livestock herding and cultivation of a few crops. Beyond their direct role in generating food and income, livestock is an asset, serving as a store of wealth, collateral for credit, and an essential safety net during times of crisis. Raising livestock also permits pastoral communities to benefit from the land’s low productivity efficiently. Livestock deaths or loss of productivity can, therefore, push families into a ‘poverty trap’ from which it is difficult to escape.

To mitigate the effects of the drought on pastoralists and reduce the need for major emergency response, FAO launched Early Action interventions targeting 151 000 households (755 000 people) in the worst-hit areas of Afar, Oromia, Somali and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s (SNNP) regional states. The response was particularly relevant, before communities reached the peak of vulnerability and has helped the affected population keep their animals healthy, reproducing, and producing milk.