FAO in the Sudan: Food Security and Livelihoods Cluster in North Sudan
Humanitarian clusters have become the standard business model for the coordination of humanitarian responses in both large-scale, sudden-onset disasters and protracted crises and other complex emergencies, such as in the Sudan. Humanitarian clusters support the coordination of integrated, needs-based, timely and appropriate responses.
The Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL) Cluster in Sudan strengthens the individual (and collective) capacities of international and national cluster partners and empowers them to make more informed and better coordinated planning and programming decisions within their respective areas of expertise, leading to more coordinated, integrated, needs-based food security responses ranging from life-saving food assistance and time critical agricultural assistance, to agropastoral livelihood restoration and early recovery and also strengthening linkages and synergies with other sectoral responses (e.g. for water and sanitation, nutrition and health, etc.).
Significant advances in FSL Cluster leadership and action have taken place since 2009, especially in North Sudan, with particular emphasis on Darfur. The FSL Cluster is jointly led by Federal and State Ministries of Agriculture and Forestry in North Sudan and by two international co-leads – the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP). The Cluster builds on pre-existing sectoral coordination mechanisms, but gained new impetus following the December 2008 decision to formally establish humanitarian clusters, in line with international good practice.