Food Security in Disaster Risk Reduction Newsletter - Vol. 1 Issue 13, December 2011
Agro-forestry in South-eastern Madagascar
The South-eastern region of Madagascar, where most families (80% of the population) depend on agriculture, is regularly affected by floods and cyclones, causing severe damages to crops, land degradation and loss of human lives and livelihoods. Repeated climatic shocks, such as floods and cyclones erode poor families’ livelihoods and increase their level of vulnerability leading to chronic and acute food insecurity. One of the solutions to reduce the risk to disaster and to help reduce land degradation and increase agriculture productivity is the practice of agro-forestry techniques.
Agro-forestry, which is an association of perennial trees or shrubs with farming and/or pasture on a given land, is an innovative system introduced in this region through a technical partnership between FAO and FOFIFA (an applied research national center on rural development), in support to the ICCO/SAF FJKM project funded by ECHO (PATSA Project).