Farming for the future in southern Africa: An introduction to conservation agriculture
Regional Emergency Office for Southern Africa (REOSA) Technical Brief 1, July 2010
In southern Africa, high levels of soil degradation and a decline in fertility threaten agricultural productivity. Droughts and/or long dry spells often worsen the situation, resulting in complete crop failures. In the long term, climate change is predicted to have a negative impact with more frequent and prolonged droughts and higher temperatures. Rising population levels will place even greater pressure on an already stressed system. It is clear that in the region, where the majority rely on agriculture for a living, urgent measures must be taken to boost and sustain productivity and mitigate climate change impacts. A technology that holds great promise is Conservation Agriculture (CA).