Response to the locust plague in Madagascar: Programme for campaign No.1 (2013/14)
Madagascar is prone to natural disasters, including drought, flooding, cyclones and locust crises. The current locust plague began in April 2012, following a twoyear upsurge that was not addressed owing to insufficient means. Given the extent of the plague, as well Madagascar’s high rates of food insecurity and malnutrition, the food security of 13 million people (60 percent of the population) could be affected.
To address this dire situation, the Ministry of Agriculture of Madagascar and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) developed a Three-year Programme (2013-2016) in response to the plague, for which funds have been actively sought since December 2012.
Given the magnitude and geographical extent of the infested and contaminated areas, it is estimated that at least three successive locust control campaigns are required to return to a locust recession situation:
- Locust Campaign 1: control and eradicate the plague, from September 2013 to September 2014 (1.5 million hectares to be treated).
- Locust Campaign 2: measures to support the anticipated decline, from October 2014 to September 2015 (500 000 hectares to be treated).
- Locust Campaign 3: towards recession and capacity building of the National Anti-Locust Centre, from October 2015 to June 2016 (150 000 hectares to be treated).
The objective of the Programme is to contribute to safeguarding food security for the most vulnerable rural populations in Madagascar. Its five components are:
- improve monitoring capacity and analysis of the locust situation.
- strengthen locust control capacity.
- preserve human health and protect the environment.
- implement and coordinate the Programme.
- assess the effectiveness of locust campaigns and the impact of the locust crisis on crops and pastures.
The budget for implementing the Programme is estimated at USD 41.5 million, of which over USD 22 million is earmarked for the first campaign (2013/14).
It is essential that all funds required to implement the Programme are available in order to return to a locust recession situation.
It is also crucial that all funds for the 2013/14 locust campaign are available in time for the implementation beginning in September 2013. If a large-scale locust control campaign is not set up quickly, the plague could escalate and worsen.
This document describes the first locust control campaign, which will be conducted in 2013/14, and its objective of halting the plague dynamics through large-scale control operations in the infested areas. The expected results, indicators and activities are described by Programme component. Also presented below are the management modalities carried out by FAO in close collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture; the technical and operational support provided for Programme implementation; project inputs; and the monitoring, evaluation and reporting system.