Institutional capacity development and policy support Pillar Sub-programme
Decades of political, social and economic challenges in Somalia have led to critical capacity limitations. The fall of the national governance structures and the reduced institutional capacities have contributed to poor performance of the human and social indicators in the country. The national education and knowledge creation systems have collapsed, the trained women and men have either migrated or are overaged and the effects of prolonged conflict and crises have crippled formal and informal institutions leading to the weakening of the human and institutional capacities.
Capacity development in the areas of agriculture and rural development (including fisheries and natural resource sectors) is undoubtedly critical to the future economic performance of Somalia and can help deliver effective sector-wide and national development by stimulating growth and prosperity.
According to FAO, capacity development is the process whereby individuals, organizations and society as a whole unleash, strengthen, create, adapt and maintain capacity over time. FAO’s approach to capacity development recognises the need to embrace country priorities. The approach is country driven and FAO’s main role is to facilitate a process of change through which countries enhance abilities from within.
Fully in line with the FAO Somalia’s three year Programme (2013-2015), the Institutional Capacity Development and Policy Support Sub-Programme constitutes one of the three pillars of FAO’s four-year Country Programming Framework (CPF) for Somalia (2014-2017) which is currently under finalization. Indeed, the CPF details priorities and interventions based on three pillars, namely: Resilience; Institutional Capacity Development and Policy Support; and Information for Action.
This FAO Sub-Programme Pillar’s objective is to contribute to efforts aimed at creating an enabling environment for the government system (through the ministries and other institutions) to effectively deliver based on their respective mandates and key functions.
FAO will focus on the support to the development and implementation of enabling policy and regulatory frameworks targeting the main productive sectors. Agricultural (crop, livestock and fisheries) production has over the years been constrained by the considerable lack of capacity within the Federal and regional administrations leading to poor and in some cases lack of institutional and policy frameworks.