Central African Republic - Executive brief 23 July 2014
Tags: CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, CENTRAL AFRICA, CAR CRISIS, HUMANITARIAN CRISIS, DISPLACEMENT, CONFLICT, EXECUTIVE BRIEF, CAISSES DE RÉSILIENCE,
- The events in the Central African Republic (CAR) over the last 18 months have left more than 2.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and displaced one out of five people; around 535 000 are still internally displaced (out of a total population of 4.6 million), however returnees are resuming agricultural activities thus contributing to food production.
- Localised security incidents continue to be reported, including several attacks on trucks transporting humanitarian aid which resulted in the delay of seed distribution. However, the majority of farmers across the country are engaged in planting activities. To meet their needs, FAO is committed to provide appropriate assistance within its funding
- FAO has assisted 80 000 farming families (100 percent of its target) for the first cycle of distributions for the current planting season. FAO has established strategic partnerships with 20 national and international NGOs, to implement the countrywide distribution plan. Each family received 25 kg of crop seeds and two hoes to plant in time and produce at least 500 kg of groundnuts, maize and rice that will contribute to feed them for about four months. Although the main planting season finished at the end of June, FAO will support an additional 40 000 families with the distribution of seeds (beans, sesame and sorghum) and tools for the short cycle agricultural season, which is expected to last until the end of July or mid-August, depending on the geographical areas.
- The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) carried out in late April 2014 indicates that 45 percent of the rural population (1.7 million people) is food insecure and has been classified in Crisis (26 percent) and Emergency (19 percent) phases.
- FAO has also secured additional support from donors to strengthen the resilience of another 50 000 households, who are mostly members of women’s associations, to help them build up their financial capacities, agriculture techniques and social protection to improve food and nutrition security, though an integrated approach called “caisses de résilience”.