Gender mainstreaming as a key strategy for building resilient livelihoods

Gender mainstreaming as a key strategy for building resilient livelihoods
May 2016

The gender dimensions of natural and human-induced disasters

Women and men play specific and complementary roles in agriculture and food and nutrition security, which must be taken into account in efforts to build the resilience of their livelihoods. In most countries, women have less access to productive resources,
services and employment opportunities than men. This gender gap is found for many assets, inputs and services such as land, livestock, labour, education, information services, and technology, all affecting their capacity to protect their communities from
crises. While men account for the majority of direct casualties during wartime, for example, women and children suffer more from displacement, reduced access to services and assistance, and loss of livelihoods. Moreover, the burden of work for women and girls increases during and after disasters. Responsible for securing fuelwood, water and fodder,  they spend increasing time in these activities and are often exposed to heightened protection risks. Addressing the differences between men and women in policies and programmes is essential for building resilient livelihoods for all.  

How FAO contributes to empowering women as agents of resilience building

  • By supporting the development of policies and programmes in disaster risk reduction (DRR) that address the specific vulnerabilities of women and men, basedon participatory and gender-sensitive processes.
  • By enhancing women’s access to decision-making at community level throughcollective action (farmer field schools, junior farmer field and life schools, community listeners’ clubs) to strengthen technical skills and raise gender awareness.
  • By disseminating technologies and practices