Assessment of impacts and recovery needs of communities affected by El Niño-induced drought in Kunene, Erongo and Omusati regions of Namibia

Assessment of impacts and recovery needs of communities affected by El Niño-induced drought in Kunene, Erongo and Omusati regions of Namibia
Dec 2016

The assessment revealed that in Omusati at least 97 percent of the communities were reliant on crop production followed by Kunene which reported only 20 percent. Erongo region had 96 percent households reporting that they were reliant on livestock farming followed by Kunene at 72 percent. Pearl millet (mahangu) and maize were the main crops cultivated in terms of area allocated in Kunene and Omusati regions respectively during the 2015/16 season.

The average crop losses for maize were 94.7 percent and 72.6 percent in Omusati and Kunene regions respectively. In addition to the sharp decline in production, the reduction in hectares under cultivation and limited rainfall have capped the demand for casual labor for planting and weeding – a key source of income during the agricultural season. The number of households deriving income and grain from casual labor significantly decreased during the 2015/16 agricultural season.