Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...leer más
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...leer más
 - Sommaire: Elaboration d’une Stratégie Nationale et d’un Plan National de Développement de l’Aquaculture au Togo: Voyage d’Etude et d’Echange sur l’organisation du secteur aquacole au Ghana; Réhabilitation des moyens d’existence de 4 ...leer más
01/11/2011
 - FAO and CARE co-host Regional DRR and FS/DRR Workshop FAO and CARE joined hands in organizing the second DIPECHO/ECHO threeday regional workshop on “Experiencebased Disaster Risk Reduction in the Southeast Africa ...leer más
01/11/2011
 - La situation sécuritaire des mois de septembre et octo-bre 2011 est entachée par des cas de tueries ciblées, tout comme les mois précédents. Selon le HCR, les préparatifs pour l’accueil des ...leer más
01/11/2011
 - Heavy monsoon rains beginning in mid-August have led to severe flooding in southern Pakistan. Sindh province has been hardest hit, with nearly all of the deaths, casualties and damages caused ...leer más
28/10/2011
 - Un año después de las inundaciones devastadoras del monzón de 2010, Pakistán ha sido afectado una vez más, con fuertes lluvias y graves inundaciones. Hasta el momento, más de 5,2 ...leer más
24/10/2011
 - The Crisis Management Centre - Animal Health (CMC-AH) is a primary facility of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for animal disease emergency response. Working in ...leer más
17/10/2011
 - To-date, FAO has received just USD 65 million towards its emergency interventions in response to the drought in the Horn of Africa. A further USD 95 million is still required ...leer más
14/10/2011
 - Las inversiones agrícolas realizadas hoy pueden prevenir las crisis de seguridad alimentaria de mañana - A principios de la temporada de lluvias de octubre la FAO está dando ayuda a ...leer más
13/10/2011
 - Los responsables de las organizaciones de la ONU en Roma piden actuar con contundencia - La volatilidad y los precios elevados de los alimentos continuarán y posiblemente se incrementen, haciendo ...leer más
10/10/2011
 - Heavy monsoon rains beginning in mid-August have led to severe flooding in southern Pakistan. Sindh province has been hardest hit, with nearly all of the deaths, casualties and damages caused ...leer más
07/10/2011