Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

La nueva app

Descargue ya!

Llamamientos recientes

Documents

Projects

Otros recursos

Síguenos en

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed over 100 000 lives and injured countless civilians.Over 40 percent of the population has fled their homes, including 6.5 million people displaced ...leer más
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...leer más
 - Dans le cadre de l’évaluation de la situation alimentaire, des marchés et des flux transfrontaliers et leur incidence sur la sécurité alimentaire, dans le Bassin Est (Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Tchad, ...leer más
23/03/2010
 - Humanitarian Emergency declared in Northern Burundi Humanitarian emergency (Phase 4 according to the food security Integrated Phase Classification - IPC) is declared in Bugabira and Busoni Provinces and parts of Kirundo ...leer más
11/03/2010
 - Guatemala, Central America’s most populous country, is experiencing high levels of food insecurity and undernutrition as a result of recurrent natural disasters, environmental degradation, inadequate agricultural infrastructure and poor agricultural ...leer más
06/03/2010
 - Célias Canger is an elderly small holder farmer. He lives at La Source in the Haitian commune of Les Anglais in Haiti’s southern department, founded by British colonists in 1774 ...leer más
02/03/2010
 - The western basin – defined for the purposes of this study as the market system linking Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, western Mali and Mauritania – hosts a variety long-distance trade ...leer más
01/03/2010
 - In this issue: On the Road with Sanggar Masin: Taking the Bird Flu Communication Campaign to Remote Timor-Leste Promoting agricultural growth and sustainable food security Moving towards caring for the livelihoods of small ...leer más
01/03/2010
 - About this guidance material Audience: This guidance material is intended for FAO staff, in particular FAO Representatives and Emergency Coordinators at country level. It may also be useful for FAO ...leer más
01/03/2010
 - Mission Conjointe, bassins centre et ouest de l'Afrique de l'Ouest Dans les bassins centre et ouest, les productions céréalières, maraîchères, légumineuses et tubercules au titre de la campagne agricole 2009/10 ont ...leer más
01/03/2010
 - Más de un mes después del devastador terremoto que asoló Haití el pasado 12 de enero, la FAO y la organización humanitaria internacional CARE han lanzado conjuntamente la alerta sobre ...leer más
19/02/2010
 - More than a month after the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January, FAO and the international humanitarian organization CARE have issued a joint alert over a national food ...leer más
19/02/2010