Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...leer más
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...leer más
 - Severe monsoon rains have triggered floods in southern Pakistan of unprecedented scale, both in terms of volume and spatial coverage. Despite forecasts of below-average rainfall, heavy downpours began in mid-August, ...leer más
18/09/2011
 - Somalia remains in crisis. Areas of southern Somalia affected by famine now include the Bay region, Bakool agropastoral livelihood zone, Lower Shabelle region, agropastoral areas of Balcad and Cadale districts ...leer más
14/09/2011
 - A total of 4 million people are now in crisis in Somalia and 750 000 are at risk of death in the coming four months. Funding is still significantly below ...leer más
07/09/2011
 - La FAO pide ampliar la respuesta a la emergencia - La FAO pidió hoy incrementar los esfuerzos para poner freno a la crisis alimentaria en el Cuerno de África, en el momento ...leer más
05/09/2011
 - Sommaire: Appui à l’actualisation du Plan d’Action Forestier National (PAFN) du Togo: Ateliers régionaux de validation de la Politique Forestière du Togo (PFT) et du Plan d’Action Forestier National (PAFN) actualisé; Appui ...leer más
01/09/2011
 - Depuis près d’une année, le mouvement de rapatriement est resté très faible alors que le rapatriement a occupé d’importants volets humanitaires depuis 2002. Ainsi, l’UNHCR indique avoir facilité le rapatriement ...leer más
01/09/2011
 - GOAL Malawi: Experiences and Lessons Learned in Food Security and Agriculture DRR In parts of Malawi, including Nsanje district in the south, 80-100% crop failure is not uncommon due to cli-mate ...leer más
01/09/2011
 - Torrential monsoon rains have triggered severe flooding in Pakistan, primarily in Sindh Province. Concurrent impact in adjoining vast areas of Balochistan has resulted in serious humanitarian consequences including in South ...leer más
01/09/2011
 - L'Essentiel: Des récoltes moyennes et inégales selon les régions sont attendues au Sahel ; un point sur les scénarios et les capacités de réponse des partenaires est recommandé; Comportement disparate du marché ...leer más
01/09/2011
 - La emergencia invernal que atraviesa Colombia actualmente es la más severa registrada en los últimos 60 años. El aumento en las precipitaciones debido a La Niña ha causado inundaciones sin ...leer más
01/09/2011