Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

La nueva app

Descargue ya!

Llamamientos recientes

Documents

Projects

Otros recursos

Síguenos en

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed over 100 000 lives and injured countless civilians.Over 40 percent of the population has fled their homes, including 6.5 million people displaced ...leer más
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...leer más
 - Since the outbreak of the second Intifada in September 2000, the West Bank and Gaza Strip (WBGS) has continued to endure severe economic, humanitarian and social consequences. Following the escalation ...leer más
19/11/2008
 - Numerous changes to the political landscape took place in Zimbabwe during 2008. Violence leading up to the March election affected an estimated 36 000 people, while the signing of an agreement between ...leer más
19/11/2008
 - Tras años de pérdidas masivas de cosechas provocadas por un virus devastador, los campesinos vuelven a cosechar mandioca sana -uno de los alimentos básicos en África- en la región de ...leer más
13/11/2008
 - Representantes de los principales países productores de trigo han pedido una acción coordinada urgente para prevenir y combatir una cepa de la enfermedad de la roya del tallo del trigo ...leer más
12/11/2008
 - Estados Unidos proporcionará 44,4 millones de USD adicionales a favor de la campaña de la FAO para prevenir y combatir la gripe aviar, según anunció hoy la Organización de la ONU. ...leer más
11/11/2008
 - The Crisis Management Centre – Animal Health (CMC-AH) is a facility of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) for ...leer más
03/11/2008
 - Inside this presentation: State of Agriculture in DPRK Response within Farming Sector FAO/WFP Rapid Food Security Assessment Recommendations – June 2008 Longer-term Measures Review of FAO Activities in 2008 Training Rationale for Future Projects Projects for 2009
30/10/2008
 - Beginning on 13 October, Tropical Depression 16 caused widespread flooding and devastation throughout Honduras. Heavy rains, which doubled the average level of precipitation for the month in just over two ...leer más
29/10/2008
 - Las comunidades que sufren de grave inseguridad alimentaria en Haití recibirán la ayuda de un proyecto de 10,2 millones de dólares EE.UU. que pretende dar un impulso urgente al decaído ...leer más
27/10/2008
 - El Director General de la FAO, Dr. Jacques Diouf, pidió hoy la intervención política y económica para impulsar la agricultura sostenible en los países pobres del mundo, duplicar la producción ...leer más
16/10/2008