Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...leer más
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...leer más
 - En medio de la escalada del conflicto y en un momento crucial de la temporada agrícola, casi 11 millones de personas en Yemen padecen inseguridad alimentaria grave y millones viven ...leer más
15/04/2015
 - Following an escalation of conflict in Yemen, up to 61 percent of the country’s population is now in need of some form of humanitarian aid. Yemen is the poorest country ...leer más
15/04/2015
 - As the conflict escalates almost 11 million people in Yemen are severely food insecure. Millions more are at risk of not meeting their basic food needs. This is according to the ...leer más
15/04/2015
 - According to normal seasonal patterns, food insecurity in South Sudan hits its peak between April and July. The severity and spread of food insecurity will depend on: the scale and ...leer más
15/04/2015
 -  Le Mot du Représentant Année internationale des sols Agriculture de conservation Programme triennal de réponse à l’invasion acridienne à Madagascar Vie des Projets - Programmes des quatre pays Les nouvelles de SmartFish Partenariats Evénements Vie de la Représentation Divers ...leer más
14/04/2015
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/03 to 31/05/2015.
13/04/2015
 - From December 3rd to 6th 2014, Animal Health officials and professionals from Viet Nam and China have reunited in Guangxi Province, China at the 3rd China-Viet Nam cross border meeting ...leer más
13/04/2015
 - FAO and local partners are taking part in the Youth initiative to clean water channels in Bangui since the rainy season is approaching Central African Republic. The principle of the ...leer más
13/04/2015
 - El conflicto en la República Centroafricana está afectando gravemente a los medios de vida de millones de personas vulnerables, que requieren asistencia internacional urgente. A diciembre de 2013, se estima ...leer más
12/04/2015
 - An analysis of the Harmonized Framework highlights minimal food insecurity in several areas in the region. However, between March and May 2015 ,4,749,000 persons are identified as being in crisis ...leer más
10/04/2015