Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...leer más
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...leer más
 - Continued violence in South Sudan is placing limits on production and disrupting other economic activities. As food security deteriorates in many parts of the country, FAO is increasing its efforts ...leer más
14/05/2015
 - In early January 2015, heavy rains triggered massive flooding in the northern and central areas of Mozambique. An estimated 50 000 people have been displaced and the livelihoods of a ...leer más
14/05/2015
 - La deuxième campagne antiacridienne, dont l’objectif est d’accompagner le déclin de l’invasion du Criquet migrateur malgache afin de préserver durablement la sécurité alimentaire des populations rurales, bat son plein. Au ...leer más
13/05/2015
 - On 9th May 2015, Dr. Gabriel Rugalema, FAO Representative in Sierra Leone, handed over building materials for the construction of a poultry breeding farm to members of the Holima Agriculture ...leer más
13/05/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade de février 2015, les pluies faibles à modérées mais surtout erratiques ont permis une évacuation progressive de l’eau de saturation et une extension des zones favorables ...leer más
12/05/2015
 - Keys points: Globally good agricultural production in the Sahel and West Africa 2014-2015 campaign. The regional analysis of the Cadre harmonisé in March showed that 4,749,000 persons will be in a situation ...leer más
11/05/2015
 - The FAO team visited the various districts in Bangui to discuss and gather the experience of the heads of the Benz-vi (5th district), Pétevo (6th district) and Saint Paul (7th ...leer más
07/05/2015
 - An FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) visited South Sudan from 2 to 14 February 2015 to estimate cereal production during 2014 and assess the overall food security ...leer más
06/05/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade de février 2015, la pluviosité était modérée à faible, principalement dans l'Aire grégarigène transitoire et l'Aire de multiplication initiale ; les pluies étaient moyennes dans l’extrême ...leer más
05/05/2015
 - Concerns over the spread of high impact transboundary animal diseases are mounting in Lebanon and neighbouring countries as millions of refugees fleeing the conflict in Syria have brought with them ...leer más
05/05/2015