Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians. Well over half of the population has fled their homes, including 6.1 million people ...leer más
 -  In the past Earthquake in 2015 Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is ...leer más
 - Key points According to results of the latest IPC analysis and its projection until the end of 2016, there’s an alarming deterioration of the food security situation with 40 percent of ...leer más
14/12/2016
 - The assessment revealed that in Omusati at least 97 percent of the communities were reliant on crop production followed by Kunene which reported only 20 percent. Erongo region had 96 ...leer más
12/12/2016
 - With little time to lose to secure a winter harvest in Hurricane-struck Haiti, FAO is implementing emergency distributions of seeds to help more than 125 250 disaster-affected people produce food ...leer más
12/12/2016
 - FAO seed distributions after Hurricane Matthew to support Haitians farmers for the winter planting season.
12/12/2016
 - Los conflictos civiles y el impacto de una meteorología adversa han afectado gravemente a la seguridad alimentaria en 2016, aumentando el número de países que necesitan ayuda alimentaria, según un ...leer más
09/12/2016
 - Ghanam Ibrahim’s shovel scrapes the concrete as he scoops up debris and tosses it onto a growing pile at the bottom of the canal, ready for removal by an excavator. ...leer más
08/12/2016
 - A Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) project is restoring the water supply to the once fertile Ninewa Plains for the first time since the Islamic State ...leer más
08/12/2016
 - Sin tiempo que perder para lograr salvar la cosecha de invierno tras el paso por Haití del huracán Matthew, la FAO ha comenzado una distribución de emergencia de semillas y ...leer más
06/12/2016
 - Southern Africa is now entering the peak of the lean season following the worst El Niño-induced drought in decades. With food stocks largely depleted due to poor or failed harvests ...leer más
06/12/2016
 - To address both immediate and long-term food needs after Hurricane Matthew, FAO is collaborating with the World Food Programme (WFP), which provide food aid to the same families that receive ...leer más
06/12/2016