Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...leer más
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...leer más
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade de juin 2015, la pluviosité diminuait par rapport à la décade précédente sauf dans le secteur Sud de l’Aire transitoire de multiplication où une augmentation localisée ...leer más
 - FAO South Sudan team Nyabenyi Tipo, Deputy FAOR for Programmes and Mario Zappacosta, Economist spoke to Radio Miraya with South Sudan's Food Security Council Secretary-General John Kanisio.  Radio Miraya's Breakfast ...leer más
 - The livestock crisis continues to deepen and spread in South Sudan. Last December, FAO warned of a “silent emergency” as the ongoing conflict and instability undermined the livelihoods of the ...leer más
 - Diagnostic  Durant la 1ère décade de juin 2015, des pluies faibles ont concerné l’Aire transitoire de multiplication et l’Aire de densation Sud et vraisemblablement le Sud-Est de l'Aire d’invasion Centre. Toutefois, ...leer más
 - More than one year on from Typhoon Haiyan, farmers and fishers in the Visayas region of the Philippines are rebuilding their lives. The typhoon caused significant damage to the agriculture ...leer más
 - Durant le mois de juillet 2015, la pluviosité était très faible (inférieure à 15 mm) voire nulle dans la totalité de la Grande-Île; le dessèchement des strates herbeuses s'accentuait et ...leer más
 - Key points: In Greater Equatoria, production prospects for first season crops to be harvested in August/September are mixed, due to dry weather conditions affecting several areas. Planted area severely reduced in most ...leer más
 - Locust situation In June and July 2015, the arrival of the dry and cold season was confirmed across the Island. Temperatures decreased and there was no or little rain, which slowed ...leer más
 - HIGHLIGHTS  Although 40 percent lower than the pre-conflict levels, wheat production in 2015, estimated at 2.445 million tonnes, is significantly better than the very poor harvest of 2014 and slightly better ...leer más
 - Agriculture-dependent families in Maguindanao are still reeling from the residual impacts of conflict, drought and flooding that affected the province during the first half of 2015. In order to meet ...leer más