Home > Regions > East and Central Africa

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Contacts

United nations Office, UN Avenue, Gigiri
2nd level, Block P
PO Box 30470 – 00100
Nairobi, Kenya
faoke-reoa@fao.org

Tel: +254 20 7625 987

 

Recent Appeals

Documents

Projects

Other Resources

Connect with us

East and Central Africa

East and Central Africa

Each year, the countries of Eastern and Central Africa experience the highest number of natural and human-induced disasters in all of Africa. Droughts, floods, crop and livestock diseases, civil conflicts, volatile food prices, and HIV continue to undermine livelihoods in the region. Many of these crises spill over borders – such as the 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa, which affected more than 13 million people at its peak. Coordinated action and efforts to build resilience are therefore crucial in preventing and responding to these crises.

FAO’s Subregional Emergency Office for Eastern and Central Africa (REOA) plays a critical role in helping governments and rural populations to prepare for and respond to crises. Through REOA, FAO seeks to reduce and manage disaster risks in order to improve food and livelihood security in Eastern and Central Africa. REOA focuses much of its work on strengthening national and regional information and early warning systems, supporting cross-border crop and livestock disease surveillance and response, disseminating improved practices for crop and livestock production, and integrating gender and HIV issues into food and nutrition security response actions.

Early action built on early warning

Appropriate action must be based on reliable and timely information. As crises become more complex, the availability of accurate data is increasingly vital to enable decision-makers to identify, plan, prioritize and implement appropriate responses. REOA has led the roll out of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)  tool in the region. Together with CARE International, 11 countries are supported using the IPC to conduct their national analysis of food security and nutrition conditions.

In addition, the Regional Food Security and Nutrition Working Group provides an important platform to work with partners at all levels and from all sectors to carry out response analysis in the aftermath of a disaster. FSNWG builds on lessons learned from the drought and famine of 2011 and members are committed to ensure that in the future, early warning will translate into valuable, early action. On a monthly basis, the latest IPC data are used by the FSNWG to update the regional map of food security and nutrition conditions. In coordination with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), REOA supports the secretariat of the FSNWG and co-chairs these monthly meetings.

Innovative technologies for collecting and sharing food security data

REOA also provides technical assistance and capacity development to ensure that partners and communities are fully equipped to use ICT (e.g. digital pen technology or mobile data collection tools) to capture high quality data. A knowledge platform has been set up for collecting and disseminating disaster information. The site  provides insights and linkages between local, national and regional frameworks and actions.

Building resilience among farming and (agro)pastoral communities

Agriculture – including crop and livestock production – remains the main source of food and income for about 80 percent of the region’s population. REOA has been working with development partners in implementing interventions that link relief and long-term development, building drought resilience for improved food and nutrition security. Through targeted initiatives, REOA promotes farmers’ knowledge and skills in good farming practices, disease identification, distribution and use of disease free-planting material and seeds. To reduce the vulnerability of agropastoral communities a top-down, bottom-up approach is implemented, linking advocacy to field work.

Tackling gender and HIV issues in agriculture

An estimated 3.5 million people are living with HIV in East and Central Africa. In emergency situations, exposure to sexual exploitation, abuse and gender-based violence greatly increases the risk of exposure to HIV. At the same time, food insecurity and malnutrition can accelerate the development of the virus into full-blown AIDS. REOA is bridging the gap between food security and nutrition responses through integrated interventions that increase awareness on gender issues, reduce the stigma of HIV and promote the adoption of better agricultural techniques and nutrition practices in the most vulnerable communities.

Related Topics

 - Consecutive years of drought have depleted food and water resources in Djibouti, stretching the ability of rural families – most of whom keep livestock – to cope. People have enough ...READ MORE
 - Like other countries in the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia is prone to droughts and floods, which often hit poor farmers and herders hard, eroding their assets further and leaving them ...READ MORE
 - Jonglei State has been particularly affected by the continued violence in South Sudan. Almost half of the state’s 1.5 million people are severely food insecure. Markets are almost ...read more
14/08/2014
 -  In Rumbek, Lakes State, FAO South Sudan reached over 600 households with emergency livelihood crop kits between June and July 2014.  This includes over 7 metric tons of sorghum, ...read more
05/08/2014
 - To achieve increased productivity and resilience to food and nutrition security threats and/or emergencies among smallholder farming and herding communities in seven states.
31/07/2014
 - Continued efforts to provide farmers, fishers and pastoralists in South Sudan with life-saving emergency livelihood kits are at risk due to a funding shortfall, aggravating the risk of famine ...read more
31/07/2014
 - Highlights Clashes continue to be reported in parts of the country, despite the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities agreement on 23 January 2014 and a recommitment ...read more
25/07/2014
 - To contribute to food, income and livelihood security of economically active, low-income urban and rural households in five states.
24/07/2014
 - In addition to providing rapid, portable emergency livelihood support designed to help large numbers of people increase food availability, in South Sudan FAO has continued to ...read more
24/07/2014
 - To contribute to the restoration and strengthening of food security of internally displaced persons, returnees and conflict- and flood-affected families.
23/07/2014
 - Part of FAO’s emergency response in South Sudan is the distribution of livelihood kits nation-wide. In May 2014, FAO and partners distributed crop kits to beneficiaries ...read more
17/07/2014
 - Three United Nations emergency directors have called for more sustained funding for Somalia nearly three year after the worst famine hit the Horn of Africa nation. The ...read more
09/07/2014
« Previous 1 2 3 4 5 ... 35