Inicio  > Regions > East and Central Africa

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Contacts

United nations Office, UN Avenue, Gigiri
2nd level, Block P
PO Box 30470 – 00100
Nairobi, Kenya
faoke-reoa@fao.org

Tel: +254 20 7625 987

 

Recent Appeals

Documents

Projects

Other Resources

Connect with us

East and Central Africa

East and Central Africa

Each year, the countries of Eastern and Central Africa experience the highest number of natural and human-induced disasters in all of Africa. Droughts, floods, crop and livestock diseases, civil conflicts, volatile food prices, and HIV continue to undermine livelihoods in the region. Many of these crises spill over borders – such as the 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa, which affected more than 13 million people at its peak. Coordinated action and efforts to build resilience are therefore crucial in preventing and responding to these crises.

FAO’s Subregional Emergency Office for Eastern and Central Africa (REOA) plays a critical role in helping governments and rural populations to prepare for and respond to crises. Through REOA, FAO seeks to reduce and manage disaster risks in order to improve food and livelihood security in Eastern and Central Africa. REOA focuses much of its work on strengthening national and regional information and early warning systems, supporting cross-border crop and livestock disease surveillance and response, disseminating improved practices for crop and livestock production, and integrating gender and HIV issues into food and nutrition security response actions.

Early action built on early warning

Appropriate action must be based on reliable and timely information. As crises become more complex, the availability of accurate data is increasingly vital to enable decision-makers to identify, plan, prioritize and implement appropriate responses. REOA has led the roll out of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)  tool in the region. Together with CARE International, 11 countries are supported using the IPC to conduct their national analysis of food security and nutrition conditions.

In addition, the Regional Food Security and Nutrition Working Group provides an important platform to work with partners at all levels and from all sectors to carry out response analysis in the aftermath of a disaster. FSNWG builds on lessons learned from the drought and famine of 2011 and members are committed to ensure that in the future, early warning will translate into valuable, early action. On a monthly basis, the latest IPC data are used by the FSNWG to update the regional map of food security and nutrition conditions. In coordination with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), REOA supports the secretariat of the FSNWG and co-chairs these monthly meetings.

Innovative technologies for collecting and sharing food security data

REOA also provides technical assistance and capacity development to ensure that partners and communities are fully equipped to use ICT (e.g. digital pen technology or mobile data collection tools) to capture high quality data. A knowledge platform has been set up for collecting and disseminating disaster information. The site  provides insights and linkages between local, national and regional frameworks and actions.

Building resilience among farming and (agro)pastoral communities

Agriculture – including crop and livestock production – remains the main source of food and income for about 80 percent of the region’s population. REOA has been working with development partners in implementing interventions that link relief and long-term development, building drought resilience for improved food and nutrition security. Through targeted initiatives, REOA promotes farmers’ knowledge and skills in good farming practices, disease identification, distribution and use of disease free-planting material and seeds. To reduce the vulnerability of agropastoral communities a top-down, bottom-up approach is implemented, linking advocacy to field work.

Tackling gender and HIV issues in agriculture

An estimated 3.5 million people are living with HIV in East and Central Africa. In emergency situations, exposure to sexual exploitation, abuse and gender-based violence greatly increases the risk of exposure to HIV. At the same time, food insecurity and malnutrition can accelerate the development of the virus into full-blown AIDS. REOA is bridging the gap between food security and nutrition responses through integrated interventions that increase awareness on gender issues, reduce the stigma of HIV and promote the adoption of better agricultural techniques and nutrition practices in the most vulnerable communities.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed over 100 000 lives and injured countless civilians.Over 40 percent of the population has fled their homes, including 6.5 million people displaced ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - Con el inicio de la próxima temporada agrícola de Malí en mayo, se plantea la necesidad urgente de ayudar a que los campesinos desplazados regresen a ...read more
15/02/2013
 - El mundo corre el riesgo de que se repitan los desastrosos brotes de gripe aviar de 2006 a menos que la vigilancia y el control de ...read more
12/02/2013
 - FAO Perú, a través de su Unidad de Coordinación de Emergencias y Rehabilitación (UCER), intervino en las provincias de Atalaya y Coronel Portillo en la región ...read more
24/01/2013
 - Veintidós meses de conflicto han destrozado el sector agrícola de Siria, con una caída a la mitad de la producción de cereales, frutas y verduras y ...read more
23/01/2013
 - En un campo en el norte de Darfur, al campesino Salaheldin Suleiman Hilal se le nota contento. Ha terminado la recolección de su cosecha de dorado ...read more
20/12/2012
 - El procedimiento de llamamientos unificados (CAP) de este ano llama la atención sobre las necesidades humanitarias agudas en 16 países, y pide apoyo financiero para ayudar ...read more
14/12/2012
 - Suweisra Mohamed sostiene en su mano un grueso hueso seco de camello con una sonrisa de satisfacción. "Esto vale ahora un montón de dólares", dice, blandiendo ...read more
05/12/2012
 - El presidente de Haití, Michel Joseph Martelly y el Director General de FAO, José Graziano da Silva, pidieron hoy en Roma que aumenten las inversiones en ...read more
22/11/2012
 - La FAO y el Gobierno de Haití están buscando 74 millones dólares EEUU en los próximos 12 meses para ayudar a rehabilitar el sector agrícola del ...read more
06/11/2012
 - La colaboración continua fortalecerá la preparación, vigilancia y respuesta de los países - El compromiso de la FAO para luchar contra la amenaza de las enfermedades ...read more
29/10/2012