Accueil  > Regions > East and Central Africa

East and Central Africa

East and Central Africa

Each year, the countries of Eastern and Central Africa experience the highest number of natural and human-induced disasters in all of Africa. Droughts, floods, crop and livestock diseases, civil conflicts, volatile food prices, and HIV continue to undermine livelihoods in the region. Many of these crises spill over borders – such as the 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa, which affected more than 13 million people at its peak. Coordinated action and efforts to build resilience are therefore crucial in preventing and responding to these crises.

FAO’s Subregional Emergency Office for Eastern and Central Africa (REOA) plays a critical role in helping governments and rural populations to prepare for and respond to crises. Through REOA, FAO seeks to reduce and manage disaster risks in order to improve food and livelihood security in Eastern and Central Africa. REOA focuses much of its work on strengthening national and regional information and early warning systems, supporting cross-border crop and livestock disease surveillance and response, disseminating improved practices for crop and livestock production, and integrating gender and HIV issues into food and nutrition security response actions.

Early action built on early warning

Appropriate action must be based on reliable and timely information. As crises become more complex, the availability of accurate data is increasingly vital to enable decision-makers to identify, plan, prioritize and implement appropriate responses. REOA has led the roll out of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)  tool in the region. Together with CARE International, 11 countries are supported using the IPC to conduct their national analysis of food security and nutrition conditions.

In addition, the Regional Food Security and Nutrition Working Group provides an important platform to work with partners at all levels and from all sectors to carry out response analysis in the aftermath of a disaster. FSNWG builds on lessons learned from the drought and famine of 2011 and members are committed to ensure that in the future, early warning will translate into valuable, early action. On a monthly basis, the latest IPC data are used by the FSNWG to update the regional map of food security and nutrition conditions. In coordination with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), REOA supports the secretariat of the FSNWG and co-chairs these monthly meetings.

Innovative technologies for collecting and sharing food security data

REOA also provides technical assistance and capacity development to ensure that partners and communities are fully equipped to use ICT (e.g. digital pen technology or mobile data collection tools) to capture high quality data. A knowledge platform has been set up for collecting and disseminating disaster information. The site  provides insights and linkages between local, national and regional frameworks and actions.

Building resilience among farming and (agro)pastoral communities

Agriculture – including crop and livestock production – remains the main source of food and income for about 80 percent of the region’s population. REOA has been working with development partners in implementing interventions that link relief and long-term development, building drought resilience for improved food and nutrition security. Through targeted initiatives, REOA promotes farmers’ knowledge and skills in good farming practices, disease identification, distribution and use of disease free-planting material and seeds. To reduce the vulnerability of agropastoral communities a top-down, bottom-up approach is implemented, linking advocacy to field work.

Tackling gender and HIV issues in agriculture

An estimated 3.5 million people are living with HIV in East and Central Africa. In emergency situations, exposure to sexual exploitation, abuse and gender-based violence greatly increases the risk of exposure to HIV. At the same time, food insecurity and malnutrition can accelerate the development of the virus into full-blown AIDS. REOA is bridging the gap between food security and nutrition responses through integrated interventions that increase awareness on gender issues, reduce the stigma of HIV and promote the adoption of better agricultural techniques and nutrition practices in the most vulnerable communities.

Related Topics

 - In Burundi, acute vulnerabilities persist with 65 percent of the population living below the poverty line. The effects of climate hazards and insecurity continue to significantly affect agricultural production in ...READ MORE
 -  In the past Crisis in the Sahel The humanitarian situation in Mali remains extremely fragile. In a context of structural weaknesses and chronic poverty, conflict and natural disasters are the main drivers ...READ MORE
 - Les Nations Unies ont appelé à une réaction plus forte de la part des gouvernements, des organisations humanitaires et du secteur privé afin de contrer les ...read more
23/03/2016
 - Situation acridienne Durant le mois de janvier 2016, les précipitations continuaient dans l’Aire grégarigène. Le tapis végétal était vert et les conditions éco-météorologiques restaient globalement favorables au ...read more
23/03/2016
 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade de décembre 2015, selon les relevés du Centre national antiacridien et les besoins du Criquet migrateur malgache solitaire, une pluviosité très excessive ...read more
16/03/2016
 - Situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest pour la période mars-mai 2016. L’analyse du Cadre Harmonisé couvre 17 pays du Sahel et de ...read more
15/03/2016
 - Trente-quatre pays, dont 27 en Afrique, ont actuellement besoin d'une aide alimentaire du fait de la sécheresse, des inondations et des troubles civils, selon la dernière ...read more
09/03/2016
 - Les agriculteurs et éleveurs d'Ethiopie ont besoin de recevoir une assistance agricole à temps pour la prochaine saison des pluies, alors qu'un des phénomènes El Niño ...read more
07/03/2016
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade de décembre 2015, une forte pluviosité (excédentaire pour les besoins du Criquet migrateur malgache solitaire) a été enregistrée dans l’Aire grégarigène transitoire, ...read more
03/03/2016
 - Trois années de conflit et les déplacements de population en cours en République centrafricaine (RCA) continuent de perturber l'agriculture et limitent considérablement l'accès des populations à la ...read more
01/03/2016
 - Faits saillants Le conflit qui a provoqué l’effondrement de l’économie centrafricaine en 2013, se manifeste encore par des heurts sanglants sporadiques et intermittents. Ainsi des violences qui ...read more
01/03/2016
 - La mise en oeuvre du Programme triennal (2013-2016) de réponse à l’invasion acridienne à Madagascar, qui vise à préserver la sécurité alimentaire des populations rurales en assurant le retour ...read more
29/02/2016