Home > Regions > West Africa

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Recent Appeals

Documents

Projects

Other Resources

Connect with us

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Related Topics

 - More than 80 percent of people in Guinea-Bissau – one of the poorest countries in the world – earn a living from agriculture. Rice and cashews are two important crops ...READ MORE
 - Despite considerable improvements in the Ivorian refugee situation in Liberia, thousands of refugees still remain and rely on Liberian host-communities for food security. FAO is providing the right inputs and ...READ MORE
 - A Food and Agriculture Organization project is working to reduce food losses in the Republic of the Gambia, where two years of crop failures and soaring ...read more
12/06/2012
 - To reduce household vulnerability to food insecurity through the coordination of emergency response and rehabilitation in the field of food security, and by capitalizing on lessons ...read more
04/06/2012
 - Key Points Overall, normal start of the growing season in the Sahel  Locust numbers increase in Mali and Niger  Food security situation of concern in northern Mali  International and regional ...read more
01/06/2012
 - To fight the causes of child and maternal malnutrition, the four UN agencies FAO, WFP, UNFPA and UNICEF, support the Government of the Niger and its ...read more
01/06/2012
 - Pour attaquer les causes de la malnutrition infantile et maternelle, les quatre agences des Nations Unies suivantes : FAO, PAM, UNFPA et UNICEF soutiennent le Gouvernement ...read more
30/05/2012
 - Le partenariat de la FAO et du PAM : réponse humanitaire et renforcement de la résilience des populations vulnérables. La FAO et le PAM travaillent ensemble ...read more
28/05/2012
 - Key Points Preparation for the 2012-2013 growing season: low donor response to the agricultural sector and humanitarian appeals in the region Crisis in Mali: household food security and ...read more
25/05/2012
 - The food security and nutrition crisis in the Sahel will affect an estimated 18 million people this year, and has put over 1 million children at ...read more
21/05/2012
 - La crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle qui touche le Sahel frappe de manière particulière la Mauritanie dont une grande partie de la population rurale vit en extrême ...read more
16/05/2012
 - Countries of the West Africa and Sahel sub-region are regularly affected by crises that jeopardize the livelihoods and food and nutritional security of the populations. In ...read more
01/05/2012