Inicio  > Regions > África Occidental

La nueva app

Descargue ya!

Llamamientos recientes

Documents

Projects

Otros recursos

Síguenos en

West Africa and Sahel Programme

West Africa and Sahel Programme

In the West Africa and Sahel region, millions of vulnerable people who depend on the production, marketing and consumption of crops, livestock, fish, forests and other natural resources are confronted by recurring disasters and crises. These shocks undermine their livelihoods and threaten their food and nutrition security. Drought, floods, the locust threat, socio-political instability or rising food prices exacerbate the structural weaknesses of countries in this region, known for their decreasing soil fertility and desertification, insufficient agriculture investments, high poverty rate and population growth.

Food security and livelihoods challenges in 2014

Despite the 2013 harvest in the Sahel being equivalent to the last five years average, over 20 million people will struggle with food insecurity in the Sahel in 2014.

Vulnerable households have barely recovered from the previous food security crises (2005, 2008, 2010, 2012), and need support to become more resilient. Without adequate means to restore their livelihoods, they will be forced to turn to negative coping mechanisms (sale of livestock and agricultural inputs, reducing number and quality of daily meals, accumulating debt, decreasing expenditures for education, health and malnutrition-related care, selling their force labour on the detriment of cultivating their own plot, etc.) leaving them even more vulnerable to future shocks thus aggravating food insecurity.

In addition to the life saving and livelihoods restoration from current food insecurity, additional challenges should be addressed in 2014:

  • Possible erratic climatic patterns or drought which may cause loss of crops and livestock hence disrupting livelihoods;
  • Population displacements due to possible natural or man-made disasters;
  • Desert locust constituting a perennial threat to crops if not timely controlled;
  • Humanitarian access, regularly jeopardized by armed group;
  • Timely funding of agriculture and livestock activities;
  • Important livelihood needs unaddressed in the past years. In fact while the assistance provided in response to the Sahel crisis has been crucial, millions of households did not benefit from adequate support and will require reinforced assistance in 2014.

FAO and resilience in West Africa/Sahel

It is crucial to break the vicious cycle of crises by proactively building the resilience capacities of farmers, agropastoralist, pastoralists and fishermen communities to cope with these shocks. As part of its objectives to increase the resilience of livelihoods from disasters, FAO, with national and regional partners, (i) analyses vulnerabilities, (ii) protects the livelihoods and food security of the most vulnerable populations through prevention and mitigation measures, and (iii) restores and strengthen affected livelihoods to respond to crises.

FAO’s Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa/Sahel (REOWA) was created in Dakar in 2006 to enable FAO to liaise and coordinate with humanitarian actors at regional level. The Office also provides strategic humanitarian guidance for FAO’s country offices in the sub-region.

Temas Relacionados

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed over 100 000 lives and injured countless civilians.Over 40 percent of the population has fled their homes, including 6.5 million people displaced ...leer más
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...leer más
 - Durant la 2ème décade de novembre, les informations pluviométriques restaient hétérogènes : les estimations de FEWS-NET (figure 1) indiquaient que la pluviosité était au moins supérieure à 40 mm dans un ...leer más
26/01/2015
 - Less than three years since its Independence, violence erupted in South Sudan in December 2013. Since then, 1.5 million South Sudanese fled their homes, some managing to bring valuable livelihood ...leer más
23/01/2015
 - Less than three years since its Independence, violence erupted in South Sudan in December 2013. Since then, 1.5 million South Sudanese fled their homes, some managing to bring valuable livelihood ...leer más
23/01/2015
 - Farmers and managers of Agri-Business Centres (ABCs) in Sierra Leone identify quarantine measures, bans on group activities and the closure of periodic markets as major causes of disruption of farming ...leer más
22/01/2015
 - En Madagascar, la batalla contra la actual plaga de langostas corre el riesgo de perderse a medida que se agotan los fondos para combatir a estos voraces insectos, que han ...leer más
21/01/2015
 - The livelihoods of up to 13 million people in Madagascar continue to be threatened by plagues of migratory locusts. As FAO renews calls for further funding to contribute to its ...leer más
21/01/2015
 - In Madagascar, the battle against an ongoing plague of locusts risks being lost as funds for continuing operations run out. Failure to carry through the joint 2013-16 FAO/government anti-locust programme, ...leer más
21/01/2015
 - The plague of the Malagasy Migratory Locust began in April 2012 in Madagascar, in a context where food insecurity and malnutrition rates were already high. Given the extent of the ...leer más
20/01/2015
 - HIGHLIGHTS FAO is providing assistance in four critical areas of intervention, in support of over 154 000 families in the Philippines: Rice and corn farming – FAO has supported more than 100 ...leer más
19/01/2015
 - FAO STRATEGY The most urgent priority of FAO and all UN partners is stopping the epidemic and ending the tragic loss of life. Immediate action must also be taken to avoid ...leer más
16/01/2015
« Previous 1 2 3 4 5 ... 160