Resilient Livelihoods: Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security - 2013 edition
Through its disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) seeks to protect livelihoods from shocks, to make food production systems more resilient and more capable of absorbing the impact of, and recovering from, disruptive events.
Disaster risk reduction protects development investments in the agriculture, livestock, fisheries/aquaculture and forestry sectors, helping the world’s most vulnerable people become food secure. Disaster risk reduction is vital for ensuring one of the most basic human rights — the right to food and freedom from hunger. Furthermore, disaster risk reduction creates a multiplier effect that accelerates the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal 1: the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger.
At FAO, disaster risk reduction and management is a corporate priority. It is expressed in FAO’s Strategic Framework 2010-19, and further elaborated through Strategic Objective 5 "Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises".
The FAO Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme reflects the Hyogo Framework for Action and strives to assist member countries implement the five Priorities for Action in the Hyogo Framework for Action in the agricultural sectors. It also responds to recommendations made on disaster risk reduction in 2010 by the Committee on Agriculture, the Programme and Finance Committee, the Committee on World Food Security and the Committee on Fisheries. It contributes to meeting the needs of member countries, as expressed in the Regional Areas of Priority Action and identified by FAO Regional Conferences held in 2010.
While the Framework Programme supports national government partners, the direct beneficiaries are smallholders in developing countries, including small-scale farmers, fishers, pastoralists, foresters and the urban poor – particularly women – whose lives and livelihoods are threatened. Small-scale farmers represent 90 percent of the rural poor and make up the majority of the world’s hungry population.
At the core of the Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme are four integrated thematic pillars:
FAO’s resilience strategy is based on four pillars:
- Enable the environment - Institutional strengthening and governance of risk and crisis in agricultural sectors.
- Watch to safeguard - Information and early warning systems on food and nutrition security and transboundary threats.
- Protect and build livelihoods - Protection, prevention, mitigation and building livelihoods with technologies, approaches and practices across all agricultural sectors.
- Prepare and respond - Preparedness for and response to crises in agriculture, livestock, fisheries and forestry.