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Disaster Risk Management Strategy in West Africa and the Sahel (2011-2013)
Every year, countries in West Africa and Sahel subregion are adversely affected by natural disasters, which result in losses of life, assets and livelihoods and weaken the food and nutrition security of the populations. A holistic approach is needed that would integrate actions intended to strengthen crisis preparedness and to prevent and to mitigate risks through effective and rapid response and interventions that facilitate the transition towards conditions of stability and development.
This subregional strategy provides an integrated approach to planning disaster risk management and disaster risk reduction activities for the relevant FAO country offices, while at the same time laying the foundation for the development of national Plans of Action. The overall objective of this strategy is to strengthen community resilience and to reduce their vulnerability to various shocks, in an effort to help the countries of this subregion to become more food secure and to enable them to focus on developing sustainable food and agriculture systems.
FAO has developed a subregional disaster risk management strategy for West Africa and the Sahel consistent with the broader aims of FAO's Strategic Objective I (SO I), which focuses on "improved preparedness for, and effective response to, food and agricultural threats and emergencies".
This strategy will be implemented in coordination with national governments, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), subregional institutions such as the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS), the UN agencies, particularly the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), as well as the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), NGOs and other stakeholders in the subregion.