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Madagascar - Locust Response 2010
Since 2009, the Republic of Madagascar has suffered extreme cycles of drought, cyclones and floods. These disasters have had major consequences on agricultural production, and food deficits have increased in particular along the southwestern coast. In addition to these calamities, Madagascar is now at risk of a major upsurge of the Malagasy Migratory Locust. Since April 2010, an increasing number of bands of wingless locusts (hoppers) have been observed. In May 2010, swarms of adult locusts started to form in the outbreak area known as the Great South.
Despite all efforts by the Government’s Locust Control Centre (CNA) to eliminate the infestations by ground treatments, the situation deteriorated rapidly. No longer confined to the traditional outbreak area in southwestern Madagascar, the Malagasy Migratory Locust swarms have also invaded areas on the eastern coast up to Farafangana and the midwest up to Maintirano.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been supporting locust control surveillance and response interventions since its creation and has used lessons learned over the years to define strategic guidelines.