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Food Security & Nutrition Working Group Update, Central & Eastern Africa - May 2010
Regional food security situation update
Deteriorating Situation in Southern Sudan
Following on from the April FSNWG Update, the food security situation in some parts of Southern Sudan is deteriorating mainly due to the combined effects of poor rains in the last cropping season and consequent crop failure, civil-tribal conflicts, cattle raiding and high population displacement. Southern Sudan is currently experiencing an earlier than normal hunger season that is expected to peak in June. According to the last IPC analysis held in March 2010 during the quarterly Livelihoods Analysis Forum ( LAF ) meeting, populations in several areas of Southern Sudan are classified in Humanitarian Emergency ( HE, phase 4 ) or in Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis ( A FLC, phase 3):
• 40% of the population of Iron Stone Plateau and Western Flood plains zones ( Lakes, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Warrap & Northern Bahr el Ghazal States ) is in HE, the remainder is in AFLC.
• A majority of the population in Nile – Sobat and Eastern Flood Plains zones is respectively moderately food insecure or in AFLC, with 10% in HE.
• 60% of people in pastoral zone ( h ills and mountains ) in eastern Equatoria and part of Jonglei State have are moderately food insecure. Greater Kapoeta, Lafon and Torit Counties are in AFLC.
• In the Green Belt zone ( Western Central Equatoria States ) Ezo, Terkeka, Northern Bari and Mundri are in AFLC.
The seasonal forecast indicates normal to above-normal rains from June to August, which will be critical for an overall improved food security situation in Southern Sudan. Despite this favorable forecast, in Western Flood Plains zone and Lakes State, the situation for the high population displaced is expected to remain critical until September, due to food shortages and lack of land access. The same concern remains for the IDPs in Iron Stone Plateau zone ( Mvolo, Mundri ). In Jonglei State, upcoming rains will most probably limit road transportation, affecting market grain supply and ultimately their prices, negatively impacting food access for most vulnerable households. Tensions related to the contested results of the Sudan Presidential Elections and coming registration for the referendum for the self-determination of Southern Sudan in July-August 2010 may further affect the situation in Southern Sudan.