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Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) in North Sudan
The signing of Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on 9 January 2005 marked the end of Africa’s longest civil war and opened the way for a transition to peace. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is contributing to peacebuilding efforts through activities that facilitate the disarmament, demobilization and, in particular, reintegration into civilian society, of ex-combatants.
Without jobs and incomes these groups may otherwise again undermine public security and constrain progress towards development. The reintegration of ex-combatants and associated groups is essential for peace and stability. The CPA envisages catering for a total of 180 000 DDR participants that were either part of, associated with or aligned to the various armed forces in the Sudan.
Most of the DDR participants have opted for agriculture- and livestock-related services including large/small ruminants’ restocking, poultry keeping, animal traction, vegetable production, crop production and fisheries as their desired reintegration support. FAO, in collaboration with the North Sudan Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Commission (NSDDRC) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is providing training and agricultural inputs to assist them to engage in crop production, livestock/poultry rearing and fisheries.