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Horn of Africa Drought - Executive Brief 2 February 2012
While the number of severely food insecure and famine-affected people has fallen since the height of the drought crisis, high food prices and the large displaced population continue to strain food security across the Horn of Africa. In Somalia, the number of people in crisis has fallen from 4 to 2.34 million people. However, high rates of malnutrition, insecurity and the suspension of key humanitarian actors by Al Shabab continue to be of concern.
Violence in the border states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, combined with erratic and late onset of rains in 2011 have resulted in poor yields in the Sudan – with harvests at only 50 percent of the previous year. Over 1 million people are likely to be severely food insecure in South Sudan in 2012 owing to a combination of violence, erratic rains and high food and fuel prices, leading to a deficit of about 50 percent of cereal needs.