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The Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit: Analysing and responding to the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people
In 2007 a total of 414 natural disasters were reported, spread over some 115 countries, killing 16 847 people, affecting more than 211 million others and causing economic damages amounting to USD 75 billion. This is part of a trend of rising disaster frequency, and in this context, protecting and rebuilding the livelihoods of those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority.
In order to improve understanding of the impact of disasters on livelihoods, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) have jointly developed the Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit (LAT). In the process of development, the LAT has been tested, redefined and refined in a number of countries including Pakistan (2005 Kashmir earthquake); Indonesia (2006 volcanic eruption and earthquake in Yogjakarta); Philippines (2006 Typhoon Reming); Bolivia (2007 flooding); and Pakistan again in 2008 (livelihood baseline work). This process of continual learning and improvement continues, and so the current set of guidelines contained in these volumes should be seen as one stage in the development of the approach.