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Myanmar - Post-Nargis Recovery and Rehabilitation Programme Strategy
The risk of natural hazard varies from moderate to high across Myanmar and is characterized essentially by small- and medium-scale but frequent events. Cyclone Nargis (2 and 3 May 2008) is by far the most devastating natural disaster in Myanmar’s history. It has brought to the fore the extreme vulnerability, particularly of the country’s coastal regions, to low-frequency but high-impact natural hazards.
Cyclone Nargis caused severe flooding and shifting of sands, which resulted in extensive damage to lives and livelihoods. An estimated 84 537 people died, 53 836 remain missing (assumed dead) and 33 754 people were injured. Nearly 18 000 fisheries workers died and 10 000 went missing. Assessment data (Post-Nargis Joint Assessment [PONJA], July 2008) reveals that of the estimated population of 7.35 million living in affected townships, some 2.4 million individuals were severely affected. The assessment also indicates that more women and children died than men did, which has distorted social structures.