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Pakistan Floods: Update on Agriculture - No. 1, 6 August 2010
The 2010 monsoon season brought the heaviest rains ever recorded in Pakistan, triggering flash and riverine floods that have devastated large parts of the country. The floods devastated large parts of northern Pakistan and are currently heading south causing more destruction in Punjab and Sindh provinces. Assessments of losses and damages are underway, but according to initial estimates the number of affected people is over 4 million. Over 1,000 people have died and at least 250,000 homes have been damaged or destroyed.
According to initial official estimates standing crops on over 10 000 hectares have been washed away and nearly 8 000 livestock has perished in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province alone. According to preliminary reports standing crops of sugar cane, maize, rice, sorghum, millet as well as orchards and vegetable plots in Peshawar, Nowshera and Charsadda Districts have been severely damaged. Stocks of stored grains, seeds, fodder and straw have been washed away. Large numbers of livestock kept for milk and meat have died in the floods and those that survive lack feed and fodder. Well targeted, time-critical interventions are therefore necessary for the timely restoration and recovery of agricultural-based livelihoods of flood affected farmers in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa and other provinces. Timely interventions are therefore needed in support of surviving livestock assets and forthcoming Rabi planting season. Delays in such assistance will likely lead to long-term dependency on food aid.