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- Improving Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises. Background Note19/01/2017
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Deepening Food Security Crisis in Southern Somalia – Funds Urgently Needed to Maximize Upcoming Rains
FAO Somalia Emergency Requirements - Nairobi: July 14th
Continuing low and erratic rainfall has led to one of the worst droughts in Somalia in two decades. Approximately 2.85 million people now need emergency food security and livelihood assistance as a result of the continuing dry conditions in the country, compounded by the repressive effects of protracted civil insecurity.
A 19 percent increase of Somalia’s population in crisis in just six months is largely due to drought, which has devastated rainfed cropping areas of the southern regions, home to Somalia’s most vulnerable, agriculture-dependant families. The January 2011 harvest failed throughout the agricultural regions in the south, and the outlook for the next harvest expected in August is not much better.
At best, 50% of the post-war production average is expected, and crop failure in some regions is predicted. Depleted vegetation in pastures, the exhaustion of feed reserves and dwindling water sources have also led to widespread livestock losses and forced many herders to sell their livestock below normal market prices whilst cereal prices are still rising.