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Situation Update: The Sahel Crisis - 31 January 2013
Tags: SAHEL, NIGERIA, NIGER, CAMEROON, CHAD, SENEGAL, MALI, MAURITANIA, GAMBIA, WESTERN AFRICA, CRISIS IN THE SAHEL, CROP LOSSES, SITUATION REPORT,
- Despite good harvest prospects and good conditions for pastoralists, the situation in the Sahel remains critical, mostly due to the impact of the 2012 crisis and other recent crises. Approximately 10.3 million people remain food insecure in 2013 and over 1.4 million children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition.
- The humanitarian and security situation in Mali is deteriorating rapidly as the conflict escalates in the northern part of the country, with serious repercussions on the Sahel region and beyond. Following the military intervention on 11 January 2013, an additional 3 599 people in Mali are internally displaced (IDP) and another 8 429 are refugees in neighbouring countries, primarily Burkina Faso, Mauritania and the Niger (OCHA, 21 January 2013).
- In 2012, FAO requested USD 122 million to address the crisis (including the locust threat). Overall, USD 58 million (48 percent) were mobilized. While these funds have enabled supporting almost 5.4 million people, important livelihood needs were left unattended.
- Based on current estimates, for 2013 FAO is requesting a total of USD 132.3 million for livelihood interventions in the Sahel including those related to the Malian conflict.
- Aggravated by existing chronic vulnerabilities, the negative effects of the recent crises in 2005, 2008, 2010 and 2012 remain. Vulnerable people have eroded their capacities to withstand external shocks, many are heavily indebted and have been unable to restore their productive capacity. Time is of the essence for building resilience to strengthen the livelihoods of the most vulnerable people.