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Resilience Pillar Sub-programme
In April 2012, FAO, WFP and UNICEF launched a Joint Resilience Strategy refocusing modalities of engagement to effectively build up resilience in Somalia. The focus on resilience bridges humanitarian and development programming to better address overlapping risks and stresses.
In line with the Joint Resilience Strategy, the FAO’s three year Programme (2013-2015) and the three-year Consolidated Appeal (CAP), the Resilience Sub-Programme constitutes one of the three pillars of FAO’s four-year Country Programming Framework (CPF) for Somalia (2014-2017) which is currently under finalization. Indeed, the CPF, as an evolution of the FAO’s 2013-2015 Programme, details priorities and interventions based on three pillars, namely: Resilience; Institutional Capacity Development and Policy Support; and Information for Action.
Resilience is the ability to anticipate, absorb and recover from external pressures and shocks in ways that preserve the integrity of individuals (taking into account specific requirements based on gender, age and clan/ethnic origin), households (women- and men-dependent households) and communities, whilst reducing vulnerability. This includes both the ability to withstand threats and the ability to adapt where necessary; utilizing new options in the face of shocks and crises. When households, communities and networks for goods and services are resilient, there are positive livelihood outcomes that include: sufficient incomes, food security, safety, proper nutrition, good health and preservation and protection of ecosystems.
The women and men of Somalia have been remarkably resilient considering the protracted challenges that have affected the country over the past twenty years. However, the famine of 2011 starkly illustrated how shocks can overwhelm the resilience of the poorest and the most marginalized, leading to destitution, displacement, hunger, illness, death and the breakdown of families and communities. The famine highlighted the inadequacy of efforts to build people’s resilience to recurrent shocks.
FAO’s Sub-Programme will address some of the critical dimensions of resilience at individual, household and community levels by focusing on:
- Livelihood strategy diversification;
- Creation of employment; increasing food production in a sustainable manner;
- Enabling communities to sustain their food production capacities after crises and shocks;
- Supporting markets and marketing through enhancing value chains, market information and services and improving market infrastructures and;
- Improving access to knowledge and better services in order to enhance productivity.