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Central African Republic - Executive brief 9 July 2014

Central African Republic - Executive brief 9 July 2014
Jul 2014

Highlights

  • The events in the Central African Republic (CAR) over the last 18 months have left more than 2.5 million people in need
    of humanitarian assistance and displaced one out of five people; around 535 000 are still internally displaced (out of a
    total population of 4.6 million), however returnees are resuming agricultural activities thus contributing to food
    production.
  • Localised security incidents continue to be reported, including several attacks on trucks transporting humanitarian aid
    which resulted in the delay of seed distribution. However, the majority of farmers across the country are engaged in
    planting activities. To meet their needs, FAO is committed to provide appropriate assistance within its funding capacity.
  • FAO has distributed crop seeds and tools to 78 134 farming families (98 percent of the initial target of 80 000 families)
    for the current planting season. FAO has established strategic partnerships with 20 national and international NGOs,
    to implement the countryside distribution plan. Each family is receiving 25 kg of crop seeds and two hoes to plant in time
    and produce at least 500 kg of groundnuts, maize and rice that will contribute to feed them for about four
    months. Although the main planting season finished at the end of June, FAO will support an additional 40 000 families
    with the distribution of seeds (sorghum, beans, sesame and millet) and tools for the short cycle agricultural season,
    which is expected to last until the end of July or mid-August, depending on the geographical areas.
  • The Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) carried out in late April 2014 indicates that 45 percent of the rural population
    (1.7 million people) is food insecure and has been classified in Crisis (26 percent) and Emergency (19 percent) Phases.
  • FAO has also secured additional support from donors to strengthen the resilience of another 50 000 households, who
    are mostly members of women’s associations, to help them build up their financial capacities, agriculture techniques
    and social protection to improve food and nutrition security, though a global approach called “caisses de résilience”.