Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in West Africa - Executive brief 22 September 2014

Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in West Africa - Executive brief 22 September 2014
Sep 2014

BACKGROUND

The past six months have witnessed an unprecedented Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak that has affected five countries in West Africa. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone are the most affected countries, and some cases were reported in Nigeria and Senegal. This outbreak is unprecedented in scale and geographical spread and is having multisectoral impact on affected countries. The outbreak is anticipated to further deteriorate the already fragile food security situation in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

FAO’S RESPONSE

  • Save lives as part of UN coordinated response through social mobilization, training and awareness raising activities via FAO networks of extension service and animal health workers.
  • Evaluate the impact of EVD on food security and nutrition to understand needs and target vulnerable households most in need.
  • Mitigate EVD impacts on agriculture through support to crop and livestock production, post-harvest activities and commercialization of agricultural produce.
  • Build resilience of communities to future disease shocks by reducing risks of EVD exposure and by strengthening preparedness in at risk countries.
  • Enhance regional coordination for effective response.