Food and Nutritional Situation in the Sahel and West Africa

Food and Nutritional Situation in the Sahel and West Africa
Apr 2015

An analysis of the Harmonized Framework highlights minimal food insecurity in several areas in the region. However, between March and May 2015, 4,749,000 persons are identified as being in crisis and emergency situation distributed in seventeen (17) areas in Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Sierra Leone and Chad. During the lean-period, the population in critical food and nutritional insecurity situation (crisis phase and emergency) are estimated to 7,364,000 persons distributed in 48 areas in Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sénégal, Chad, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

The security tension in the Lake Chad Basin and in Northern Mali that gives rise to the movements of refugee populations, internally displaced persons or returnees in their countries, the poor fodder production in the Sahelian strip , the increase in prices and the deterioration of the purchasing power of the poor and very poor households, account for the probable deterioration of the food and nutritional situation in the course of the lean-period which extends from June to August 2015. Such populations will need appropriate and immediate food aid as well as a nutrition-health support and a protection of livelihoods. In addition, there are Malian, Nigerian, Centrafrican and Sudanese refugee populations as well as the internally displaced persons in Mali, Niger and Nigeria.

Furthermore, 23,052, 000 persons are currently identified as in phase 2- under pressure of food and nutritional insecurity. These populations will be able to meet their food requirements but will have great difficulties in preserving their capital goods or in ensuring other basic needs such as health. Their number would reach 26,615,000 persons during the lean-period (June- August 2015).This form of under-pressure food insecurity is linked to the combined effects of several factors, including mainly localized poor harvests, civil insecurity and the poor purchasing power of households. Any time, these populations can shift drift into a food and nutritional crisis situation. Building their capacities for resilience is essential for protecting their livelihoods.