Agriculture based livelihoods assessment of returnee households

Agriculture based livelihoods assessment of returnee households
Jan 2016

The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) is a semi‐autonomous tribal region in northwestern Pakistan. FATA is comprised of seven tribal agencies and six Frontier Regions (FRs) and borders Afghanistan and several districts of Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan provinces. FATA is under jurisdiction Pakistan's federal government through Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR).

FATA has seen widespread militancy and sectarian violence in the past decade that caused widespread losses to humans, and physical infrastructure. In response to the militancy and violence in the region, military action was started that caused displacement of hundreds of thousands of residents. The displacement caused serious implications for the communities. Communities had to flee the area that affected their household economies and livelihood. Recently, the communities have started returning to their area of origin.

The FATA Sustainable Return and Rehabilitation Strategy (FATA SRRS) has recently been launched by the FATA Secretariat along with other government stakeholders. It aims to ensure safe and dignified return of the Temporarily Displaced Persons (TDPs) of FATA and provide adequate services and facilities to the returnees, currently housed in settled district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. In phase 1, major returns will occur in Bara Tehsil of Khyber Agency. At present, around 50,1461 families of Akakhel tribe have already returned to Bara Tehsil. Due to prolonged conflict, no credible baseline exists in any of the agencies of FATA with regards to agriculture and green sector needs of the returnees.

To this end an agriculture based livelihood assessment has been conducted to establish a credible baseline of needs which will enable government as well as international agencies to design better interventions for the returnee population of Bara specifically and FATA generally.