Human security & food security

Human security & food security
Apr 2016

Hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition

As the international community transitions from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the challenges ahead of Member States is to build on the substantial progress made in reducing poverty and hunger by 2015. A total of 72 countries out of 129 countries achieved the MDG 11 hunger target. Nonetheless, around 800 million people globally – 1 in 9 people on the planet – still suffer from hunger.

Human Security is “the right of all people to live in freedom and dignity, free from poverty and despair”, that “all individuals, in particular vulnerable people, are entitled to freedom from fear and freedom from want, with an equal opportunity to enjoy all their rights and fully develop their human potential”.

Human security aims at ensuring the survival, livelihood and dignity of people in response to current and emerging threats – threats that are widespread and cross cutting. Such threats are not limited to those living in absolute poverty or conflict. “Improved knowledge and understanding of the possible interplays between food security and human security will help shape more effective interventions and contribute to more lasting results.” FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva (UN Peacebuilding Commission, January 2015)