Implementing aquaponics in the Gaza Strip

Implementing aquaponics in the Gaza Strip
Jun 2016

Context

Food production in the Gaza Strip is constrained by an arid environment and limited access to steady sources of water. This threatens the food security and nutrition of local communities, which is further undermined by a wider context of protracted crisis and continued restricted access to critical livelihood resources for fishing and farming. Since 2010, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been helping to enhance the resilience of at-risk populations in the West Bank and Gaza Strip through donor-funded projects that focus on protecting and strengthening their food security and livelihoods. One of the methods used by FAO is aquaponics, integrated fish and plant production.

Challenge

Globally, access to and availability of water and arable land is growing scarcer due to:

  • increasing and longer incidents of drought periods;
  • growing population and higher demand for land and water use; and
  • soil degradation caused by deforestation, intensive farming, etc. This has led to rising food and nutrition insecurity in many countries, and is exacerbating protracted crises situations such as in the Gaza Strip.