El Niño Response Plan ‒ Haiti

El Niño Response Plan ‒ Haiti
Sep 2016

Haiti was severely hit by drought for three consecutive years, which was exacerbated by the El Niño phenomenon in 2015. Food insecurity and malnutrition have worsened dramatically and according to the National Coordination on Food Security there are about 300 000 households severely food insecure (Phase 3 of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification). Throughout 2015, agricultural production was deeply affected and the harvest of the main agricultural season (spring) decreased by over 50 percent. There is an urgent need to provide relief assistance to farming families of the hardest hit municipalities in the North-West and South-East departments along with certain areas of the Artibonite, Grand Anse, Nippes and South departments.

The purpose of the FAO Haiti El Niño Response Plan is to (i) contribute to improving the food security and nutrition of vulnerable populations affected by drought, (ii) strengthen their resilience and (iii) improve their livelihoods. FAO will follow a flexible and multidimensional operational strategy to address immediate and medium-term needs in order to facilitate rapid increases in food availability and access, and protect the overall food production capacity in the country as well as the livelihoods of affected populations.

FAO requests USD 7.9 million to support 35 000 vulnerable households (175 000 people). Planned activities will focus on the production and distribution of quality seeds, rehabilitation of water supply and collection systems, support to animal production and fodder banks, capacity development and trainings on good practices and technologies.