Food security and nutrition situation in Sahel and West Africa - Current (March-May 2017) and Projected (June-August 2017)

Food security and nutrition situation in Sahel and West Africa - Current (March-May 2017) and Projected (June-August 2017)
Mar 2017

Key highlights

  • The food security and nutrition situation is expected to deteriorate from June 2017 with the depletion of food stocks during the lean season in most of the countries. People displacement and insecurity aggravate the severity of food insecurity, with the effect of increasing the number of people in crisis and emergency phases (CH 3 and 4).
  • Although food availability is generally satisfactory, civil insecurity is the main cause of livelihoods disruption and severe food insecurity in the Lake Chad basin and northern Mali. Moreover, households’ access to food is limited by the seasonal increase of market prices and deterioration of the terms of trade between livestock/cereal, coupled with the currency depreciation, particularly in Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Ghana.
  • As a result, the nutrition situation is worrying, with the global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates above the alert thresholds, particularly in the areas affected by insecurity, mainly due to insufficient access to drinking water, associated with inappropriate feeding practices, and limited access to health services.
  • Immediate humanitarian assistance is needed for people in Crisis, Emergency and Famine (CH phase 3, 4 and 5) to save their lives, protect their livelihoods as well as prevent loss of assets and reduce acute malnutrition. Interventions aimed at supporting the resilience of people facing stressed food insecurity (CH Phase 2) are also needed in order to avoid the worsening of their situation.