The impact of disasters on agriculture and food security

Nov 2015

Droughts, floods, storms and other disasters triggered by climate change have risen in frequency and severity over the last three decades, increasing the damage caused to the agricultural sectors of many developing countries and putting them at risk of growing food insecurity, FAO warns in 'The impact of disasters on agriculture and food security', a new report released ahead of the COP 21 climate conference.

Worldwide, between 2003 and 2013 – the period analyzed in the report - the average annual number of disasters caused by natural hazards almost doubled since the 1980s. The total economic damage caused is estimated at $1.5 trillion. The FAO report is based on a review of 78 post disaster needs-assessments conducted in 48 developing countries between 2003 and 2013 and statistical analyses of production losses, changes in trade flows and agriculture sector growth associated with 140 medium and large scale disaster - defined as those affecting at least 250,000 people - in 67 developing countries.