Policy Brief: Forty years of natural hazards turning into food insecurity disasters in eastern Africa

Policy Brief: Forty years of natural hazards turning into food insecurity disasters in eastern Africa
Jul 2017

This policy brief explores gaps and challenges related to managing recurrent climatic events that iteratively trigger agriculture and food insecurity disasters in eastern Africa. For over 40 years, natural hazards (mainly droughts, floods and landslides) have affected millions of people in the eastern Africa subregion. The impact of these hazards have been high, continue to rise in frequency and are mostly felt in the agriculture and food sectors.

In some other countries of the World with comparable exposure to weather and climate variability, livelihoods impacts are much lower and do not necessarily result in resurgent food insecurity disasters. The major impediments in the sub-region lie in the high vulnerabilities and low coping capacities of the eastern African populations, mostly sustaining their livelihoods through rainfed agriculture. The brief advocates for aspects that require increased action and effectiveness in mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in agricultural and food sectors of eastern African countries.