Democratic Republic of the Congo - Situation report Februrary 2019

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Situation report Februrary 2019
Feb 2019

Key points

  • The results of the latest IPC analysis (August 2018) indicate that the number of people in IPC Phase 4 (emergency) is 3.5 million – a significant increase compared with the analysis of June 2017 – in 12 of the country’s 26 provinces, including in Ituri, Kasai, Kasai Central, Haut Katanga, North and South Kivu and Tanganyika. These provinces have recently experienced massive population displacements, which are the main cause of food insecurity and malnutrition.
  • More than 80 percent of the population lives on less than USD 1.25 a day without access to basic services. FAO and WFP have strengthened their partnership in the last three years to strengthen the social, technical and financial capital of vulnerable populations, particularly of women and children, who seem to be the best actors of change.
  • There all forms of malnutrition in the Democratic Republic of the Congo – acute, severe or chronic – in almost all provinces, with nearly 4.3 million children suffering from acute malnutrition in 2018. One of the main causes is linked to the fact that most households in crisis areas only eat meat 2-4 times a year. In order to promote access to animal protein – important for muscle development in children – FAO provides vulnerable households with small livestock kits.
  • In addition to 554 700 refugees, a significant proportion of the population has been affected by forced displacements in the country, including 1.3 million people internally displaced, nearly 3 million returnees and 253 760 host communities.
  • The outcome of 2018’s main agricultural season is expected to be below average due to conflict, fall armyworm, floods or insufficient rains, and limited access to land and inputs.
  • For 2019, FAO requires USD 50 million to support 1.8 million people in the country. Of this, USD 15 million is required to provide immediate agricultural assistance to 373 000 people in the greater Kasai region that were expelled from Angola.