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Food Security & Nutrition Working Group Update, Central & Eastern Africa - April 2010
Expanding Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis in DRC
Preliminary results of the DRC Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) from March 2010 indicate that the food security situation has worsened since 2009 in most parts of the country. Populations in several territories in the Equateur province (northwest) are in Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis (AFLC - Phase 3), partly due to inter-tribal violent armed conflict centered around Dongo that forced nearly 200 000 civilians to flee their homes in the last six months. In forested territories, a large number of people have lost access to hunting and gathering grounds after being officially displaced for environmental protection reasons.
In the Orientale province (northeast) where the Ugandan militant group LRA is active, the area already classified in AFLC phase with high risk of worsening phase has expanded considerably. The food security situation has also worsened in South Kivu, Katanga, Central DRC (the two Kasai), Maniema and Bandundu. Despite this negative trend, some improvements have been however reported for populations in Bas Congo and in North Kivu provinces. Enhanced civil security combined with humanitarian interventions targeting returnees have played a key role in food security improvements in North Kivu.