The Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit: Analysing and responding to the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people
This tool-kit has been formulated as a joint effort between FAO and the International Labour Organization (ILO). As currently designed, the LAT is aimed collecting information - at community level and the existing livelihood groups - on people’s ability to make a living before and after sudden onset natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes and tsunamis. The LAT consists of three interrelated assessment tools:
- Livelihood Baseline (LB) - compiled at national level prior to a disaster, the LB provides a good picture of ‘normal’ livelihood patterns in areas at risk from natural hazards together with an indication of likely impact of hazards, key response priorities and institutions likely to be involved in recovery;
- Initial Livelihood Impact Appraisal (ILIA) – done within 14 days after a disaster, the ILIA provides immediate first-hand information on the impact of the disaster on the livelihoods of the affected people to be integrated into multi-sectoral assessments (e.g. MIRA);
- Detailed Livelihood Assessment (DLA) - usually done within the first three months after a disaster, the DLA provides a more detailed information and rationale for development or fine-tuning of early recovery livelihood response strategies, programmes and projects.