Democratic People's Republic of Korea: Special Emergency Programmes Service, October 2008
Aid and foreign investment remain below the levels that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea requires to revive key sectors of the economy, in particular agriculture. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has adopted the collective goal of the United Nations (UN) Country Team to assist the Government in its efforts to improve the quality of life for all of its citizens. The effects of the mid-1990s’ natural disasters, chronic input problems, scarce arable land, short growing seasons and intermittent power supply have led the country into a state of severe food shortages.
In order to reduce the food balance deficit, agricultural production should be boosted by expanding double cropping of both spring and winter crops, expanding vegetable production, continuing the existing trend of encouraging the breeding of high-yielding species relying on natural vegetation (goats, rabbits) while reducing the numbers of grain-consuming livestock (pigs, chickens) and expanding integrated agroforestry, conservation agriculture and IPM.
Activities for 2009 include a timely review of the agriculture sector and food security strategy in the context of rising prices for food and agricultural inputs, enhancing the double cropping programme and continuing horticultural production on cooperative farms and specialized fruit farms. In 2009, FAO also seeks to strengthen the recovery of both the fisheries and livestock subsectors, support the formulation of a national forest protection policy and strategy, manage watershed and agroforestry activities on sloping lands and continue coordination of the agricultural recovery and development programme.