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FAO’s Sub-regional Emergency and Rehabilitation Office - West Africa/Sahel: 2010-2013 Strategy
Each year the population of West Africa faces crises that may vary in nature or intensity or affect different livelihood zones, but as these shocks are reoccurring in closer succession, more people are trapped in a downward cycle of vulnerability. Food security and nutrition indicators in the West Africa region illustrate that large portions of the population do not have satisfactory alimentary diversity, sufficient purchasing power to cover their foods needs, and restricted livelihood options to overcome these challenges. Global and acute malnutrition rates have maintained serious and critical threshold levels in the majority of West Africa‟s countries for the last several years. These rates coupled with other food security indicators are symptomatic of a fundamental vulnerability that is exacerbated by successive shocks without the time to recover.
FAO‟s Sub-Regional Emergency and Rehabilitation Office - West Africa/Sahel was created in August 2006 for liaison, information exchange and coordination of FAO emergency activities with humanitarian partners established in Dakar: Regional Offices of UN Agencies (WFP, UNICEF, OCHA, UNHCR, etc.), donors (OFDA, European Union, Sweden, Spain, Italy, etc..) and international NGOs (OXFAM, ACF, SCF, etc..). The scope of activities has since grown in response to pressing regional needs, through incorporating technical support to early warning systems, food security analysis, regional involvement in global initiatives (REACH) and assisting national level emergency response in Senegal.